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Fremont: Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

According to the US Internal Revenue Service, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable federal income tax credit for low-income working individuals and families. Thus, counties with higher percentages of tax filers receiving the EITC have higher percentages of low income individuals and families. The EITC was put in place by Congress in 1975 to offset the burden of social security taxes and to provide an incentive to work.

The amount of EITC received for individual tax returns varies by income and family structure. In 2010, the amount ranged from $457 for a childless single tax filer with income lower than $13,460, to $5,036 for families with more than one qualifying child. Unfortunately, about 20 percent of those eligible for the EITC do not claim it. The number of tax returns receiving the EITC and the average EITC credit received can vary widely from year to year.

For the 2014 tax year in Fremont:

  • 1,050 tax returns received the EITC;
  • the average credit for those claiming the EITC was $2,548, compared to $2,449 nationally;
  • the total EITC received was $2,675,231
In addition to the EITC, families can also claim other credits including the Child Tax CreditCurrently, this credit provides $1,000 per qualifying child for families with an annual income below $110,000. The Child Tax Credit is an important resource for many low-income families, even though it also benefits families with higher incomes. 
For the 2014 tax year in Fremont:
  • 288 number of tax returns receiving the Child Tax Credit, compared to 26,603,395 nationally;
  • the total Child Tax Credit received amounted to $215,708;
  • those receiving the EITC who also claimed the Child Tax Credit was 27 percent.


To get the most out of this indicator . . .


Ask questions:


·         How does your county’s percentage of tax returns claiming the EITC compare to that for the state or nation?


Dig deeper:


·         Look at the county rankings for your state and/or view maps to see how your county compares to others.

·         Download data for your county or state to view the total number of tax returns claiming the EITC or the Child Tax Credit.

·         Take a Big Picture view of your county.

·         If you have specific questions, send us an e-mail.

NOTE: Counties with lower average EITC amounts may have higher-than-average wages, or may have higher-than-average numbers of low-income childless workers. Beginning in 2014, total number of tax returns is not available through Brookings, and the child tax credit data only pertains to those receiving the EITC. These data will look significantly different from previous years.

Source: 1997-2014: The Brookings Institution, EITC Interactive, (;
DATE LAST UPDATED: March 12, 2017.

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